Question 22 - How is the Status of Women in Islam?
A) According to Islam and holy Quran's ideology woman and men are the same in humanistic and spiritual aspects. Because:
1. In Quran's point of view being man or woman is not the main goal in creation. What was he not an ejaculated drop (of sperm)? (37) Then he was a clot of blood, and then he created and formed him (38) and made from him two kinds, male and female. (39). (AL-QIYAMA)
2. Quran's addressee is mankind (both men and women). The merciful (1) has taught the Quran. (2) He created the human (3) and taught him its pronunciation (4). (AR-RAHMAN)
3. Women and men are the same in achieving Devine and humanistic statuses. For whosoever does a righteous deed, be they believing men or women, we shall recompense them with their wage according to the best of their deeds.( AN-NAHL 97).
B) But, in spite of having the same divine spirit, they are created for unique duties in this mortal world.
Consequently, Man and woman are complementary and their unity causes permanency and reservation in existence.( For more details refer to Woman in the Mirror of Divine Beauty and Divine Glory by Ayatullah Javadi Amoli and the book - Woman And Her Rights In Islam” by Allama Murtaza Mutahhari).
The prophet Mohammad who is the greatest teacher for mankind and lived in the era that women did not have any rights, said: Seeking knowledge is incumbent upon every Muslim, male and female.