Question 20: what is the difference between Islam viewpoint toward human with
other thoughts and viewpoints?
In Islamic viewpoint about human being is a two-dimensional being;
physical and spiritual. The spiritual side which is the same as
humanity never dies. And the goal of Islam and Quran teachings is the
happiness (eudemonism) and peace of this dimension.
The human spirit is mentioned several times in the Holy Quran:
And when I have proportioned him and breathed into him of My [created]
soul, then fall down to him in prostration." (Al-Hijr 29)(Surah 16)
The Holy Quran besides referring to the divine spirit of man; declares
it as a dignity and mastery of man over other creatures and also the
reason of angels prostrating him. But unfortunately, other thoughts
has confined human being and his desires to the mortal man. So, today,
the man is deprived of human spiritual delight besides the perfection
following it while Islam has honored both the human dimension and has
a plan for both so that man has benefited from both the material world
and the world of meaning.
Prophet Mohammad (PBUH): “The one is better from among you who does
not lose the life after death for his material life and vice versa and
the one who is not a burden to people. (Nahj-ul-Fasaaha P: 275)
He also mentioned: the world is sweet and verdurous and God has placed
you in it to see what you do. (Nahj-ul-Fasaaha P: 276)