Question 18: What were the first words God revealed to Prophet Mohammad(PBUH)?
The first words of God with Prophet Muhammad (PBUH):
اقْرَأْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّکَ الَّذِی خَلَقَ
خَلَقَ الْإِنسَانَ مِنْ عَلَقٍ
اقْرَأْ وَرَبُّکَ الْأَکْرَمُ
الَّذِی عَلَّمَ بِالْقَلَمِ
عَلَّمَ الْإِنسَانَ مَا لَمْ یَعْلَمْ
(سوره العلق، آیات 1-5)
Read in the Name of your Lord Who created - He created man from a clot
- Read and your Lord is Most Honorable - Who taught (to write) with
the pen - Taught man what he knew not - (Al-Alagh 1-5) (Surah 96)
After mentioning in these verses the state of creator-hood, divinity,
and creating the best creation in the world, human, God has pointed to
man teaching with pen and the crucial role of knowledge in his life.
Could its reason be anything but the effort of Islam for learning and
Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) stated: اطلبوا العلم من المهد الی اللحد
Seek knowledge from cradle to grave.
Also, he mentioned: العلم حیاة الاسلام و عماد الایمان .
Knowledge is the life of Islam and the pillars of faith.
(Nahj-ul-Fesaaha P: 418 tradition no. 4107)
The Holy Quran in most of the verses invites man to thinking about
sky, stars, strange events happening among them, the strong order
directing and managing them, and mediating on earth, seas, and
mountain creation, and etc. as well as reflecting on the surprising
creation of plants plus the life order exists among them, and creation
of man himself besides the mysteries behind his body structure.
The holy book, also, calls man to learning physical science,
mathematics, philosophy, literary arts, and finally all the sciences
available to human thought only if their learning is in favor of human
being and prosperity and happiness of their society.
Yes, the Holy Quran invites man to these sciences in case they act as
a guide toward truth and include the true worldview with the
cornerstone of theology within themselves. Otherwise the science which
occupies man by himself and prevents him from learning about truth is
equal to ignorance in Quran lexicon. Prophet Mohammad stated that
there are three things no one (being Muslim or non-Muslim) should
1. Doing good to parents
2. Fulfilling the promise
3. Faithful to the trust
(Nahj-ul-Fasaaha, page 115)
He also mentioned: The more Muslim is the one among you whose morality is the best and understanding of the religion is deeper.